COP27: the never-ending negotiations!

Initially planned for Nov. 6 through Nov. 18, the United Nations' 27th conference on climate change goes for extra time as member State sare unable to reach an agreement.

Given the impossibility to reach an agreement, the Egyptian presidency had to extend the ongoing talks until Saturday, Nov. 19.

Among the main obstacles to reach a comprehensive agreement, there is the agreement on the fund to compensate "losses and damges', claimed by countries vulnerable to climate change. To the eyes of these countries, to set right the "climate injustice", western countries - polluting more, but less affected than developping countries mainly located in Africa - should agree to contribute to this "green fund" to compensate for damages caused to less polluting but most impacted countries.

The second frustrating point of the ongoing COP27 is the possibility for the continuation to fund fossil energies - gas, petrol and coal. The draft agreement recommends nothing but to "rationalize the unefficient subsidies to fossil energies", as reported by RFI. This illustrates the power of lobbies defending these fossil sources of energy.

However, there is still hope...

Inspite the difficulty to reach a comprehensive agreement, there is still hope in the fight against pollution induced damages. Member States reached an agrement as regards to the creation of the "Santiago Network". The decision to create this expert group was taken during the COP25 in Madrid in 2019, under the chairmanship of Chile, whereof the name "Santiago Network" as the capital city of Chile is Santiago.

Hence, after years of discussion on its functioning, funding and objectives, member States succeeded in reaching an agreement on its creation. Its main task consists of providing "technical assistance to vulnerable developping countries" to face any eventual climate change iduced impacts.

Although the agreement on the creation of the "Santiago network" is encouraging, the most important thing would be to reach an agreement on the fund to compensate the "losses and damages" demanded by less polluting countries but yet most affected by cliamte change. This is the only way to talk about "climate justice".

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